Disasters occur when events overwhelm a response’s capabilities.
The Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) is used in such extreme situations to maximize salvageable victims with available resources. This algorithm can be remembered with the acronym RPM:
- Mental Status
Black-tagged patients have a low likelihood of survival with available resources.
Red-tagged patients require immediate attention.
Yellow-tagged patients are in serious condition, but can be delayed.
Green-tagged patients have relatively minor injuries.
Rosen’s Chapter 139, Disaster Preparedness
FEMA Hospital Emergency Response Training Manual